June 2018 Dubois County Herald
No one knows exactly what Charlotte Goeppner actually heard that day. Sitting on her mother, Samantha’s lap in a Riley Hospital for Children audiology room, a confused look swept across her face, as if her entire understanding of the world was turned on its head in an instant. The doctors at the Indianapolis hospital had warned Samantha and her husband, Adam, that their not-yet 1-year-old daughter might react negatively when her cochlear implants were activated and she heard the first sounds of her life. They said she might be scared or overwhelmed by her new sense. Seconds passed after Katie Jones, a Riley audiologist, sent a signal to one of the devices to test their abilities.
And then, suddenly, Charlotte smiled. Mom wiped away tears of joy. Dad proudly stood in the corner of the room operating a camcorder on a tripod, recording his daughter’s reactions to her newly-activated sense. The moment was a bookend to the first chapter of Charlotte’s short life. Since she was born, the Jasper family had been working toward that moment, a moment that required extensive research, many full-day trips to Evansville and Indianapolis for medical counselling and even a career change for dad. But in that moment — a blip in time when compared to the journey before and Charlotte’s life after — the Goeppners exhaled a sigh of relief. Their girl could finally hear.
Charlotte Grace existed quietly in the world for the 11 months of her life leading up to that moment. Sam described her only daughter in December, months before the surgery, as an “easy baby.” Compared to her brother, and Sam and Adam’s son, Kolten, 3, who has an affinity for bolting around and exploring, Charlotte was calm and content to analyse the world with her eyes.
She was born with profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Following weeks of testing after her birth, a doctor told Sam and Adam that their baby’s deafness was so staunch that the loudness of an airplane taking flight near her would barely be audible. That diagnosis came as a shock to her parents. On the day of her birth, the Goeppners were initially told that their daughter passed her hearing screening in both ears. After further testing, however, they were told she passed the test in one ear and failed it in the other. Samantha didn’t think much of it. Maybe Charlotte just had fluid in her ears, she thought. But Charlotte was referred to a Jasper audiologist, where she repeatedly failed hearing tests in both ears.
Samantha was with her mother Mindy when the doctor bluntly told her that Charlotte was born with severe hearing loss. Upon receiving the news, Samantha cried and took the rest of the day off work to be with her baby. Adam was away on business. “I didn’t even think about cochlear implants. I just thought, ‘Well, she’s never going to be able to hear anything,’” Samantha recalled. “‘Is she going to be normal? Are people going to make fun of her?’ And that was my biggest fear.”
Adam remembered breaking down as well. He had hearing problems growing up — he suffered recurring ear infections, had tubes installed in his ears most his life, and to this day, he still doesn’t hear well. Could Charlotte’s deafness have stemmed from them, he wondered. Could he be to blame? “But then, once you got over that initial shock, it’s like, ‘She’s gonna be fine,’” he reflected. “‘She’s in the best hands that she could possibly be in,’” he said about the doctors at Riley. He continued: “There’s thousands of people, if not more than that who have cochlear implants, and they function just fine. They can hear, they can articulate their speech and everything. It’s just a matter of getting over that initial shock I think is one of the biggest keys to it.”
Soon after, Adam’s cousin, Audra Dierkes, provided a calming perspective to the diagnosis that shifted the Goeppners’ mindset from fear and sadness to proactiveness. Though Samantha remembers hearing about implants at Charlotte’s diagnosis in Jasper, Dierkes was the one who really familiarised her and Adam with the devices. From then on, it was never a question of whether or not Charlotte should have the cochlear implant surgery. To them, that was a given. They wanted her to function just like everyone else.
It was how they’d give Charlotte the gift of sound, how they’d get to that day in the Riley audiology room — that was the tricky part.
Sam, Adam and Charlotte quickly set up an appointment at Riley. Charlotte had MRIs taken in December to determine if she would be a good candidate for the devices, and everything came back normal. She was given the OK to proceed. “It’s really a tough decision because you want to make the best decision for her — not what we think it is — but what she thinks would be the best decision,” Adam said. “I think that’s what we’ve been struggling with the most.”
Samantha teared up as an audiologist worked to see if Charlotte had any reactions to different sounds during the activation of her cochlear implants
Adam slept poorly in the couple’s hotel room the night before the roughly six-hour surgery, and the stress of the whole ordeal manifested in him fidgeting constantly in the 90 minutes before the successful operation ended. He and Samantha were anxious partly because they wanted desperately for Charlotte to have the surgery before her first birthday. Earlier is better, said Dr. Charles Yates, the Riley doctor who completed Charlotte’s cochlear implant surgery. Getting the implants in and activated before she turned 1-year-old would allow for better hearing and speech development. Yates spoke with the Goeppners after the procedure, fielding their questions. He estimated the average rate of failure within 10 years of having the devices is under 4 percent, meaning Charlotte shouldn’t need surgery for quite some time. Many implants last for two or three decades.
But there was no activation that day. Charlotte’s incisions needed to heal before the external pieces could be activated and tested. That happened two weeks later, when, surrounded by family members, Charlotte giggled and smirked as her brain processed the first sounds of her life.
Less than two months after her implant activation, Charlotte, now 13 months old, already reacts to her name when called. She turns her head when she hears something to her side or behind her. She looks at her parents when asked where mommy and daddy are. During a speech therapy session with her speech language pathologist, Charlotte reached for her headpieces to indicate that the banging her therapist was doing was actually too loud.
Even now, months after the implants were activated, Charlotte still needs to travel to Riley every so often for checkups. She’ll also require auditory-verbal therapy at Easterseals Rehabilitation Centre in Evansville up to early elementary school.